Rob Burton starts this chapter off by discussing George Lakoff’s arguments for how the Republicans took control in the 2004 election. He explains that it happens through framing, which Lakoff defines as, “‘[M]ental structures that shape the way we see the world. As a result, they shape the goals we seek, the plans we make, the way we act'” (61). Although, I don’t want to get too political in my posts, I think it is interesting to look at the parallels between the 2004 election and the 2016 election. The difference with the 2016 election is that the narrative was framed with this common goal of “Make America Great Again,” framing it in a way that the Republicans were still able to get enough votes because this goal framed “the goals [they] seek, the plans [they] make, the way [they] act,” in such a way that hate speech became a part of the frame. However, although the Republican takeover has brought forth a lot of bad, what this has also brought forth, is the framework of lots of protests and opportunities for a lot of people who have different values than the hyper-conservatives in office to come together to shape the world that they want. They want to deconstruct what is in place and construct something with their frames of the world.
Alright, I think I can talk about framing and politics for quite a while, I do have a lot to say about “Framing the Floating World” and A Question of Power. It was nice to get a lot more concrete details about who Bessie Head was as a person. At one point, Burton points to the quote from her autobiographical essay A Woman Alone where Bessie Head states “‘I have always been just me, with no frame of reference to anything beyond myself'” (Burton 64). I was drawn to this one because I think this is where the difference is between Bessie Head and her protagonist Elizabeth. It was pointed out that Bessie still sees herself as separate; of not belonging to society. Bessie differs from Elizabeth in that Elizabeth is able to feel a sense of belonging in the end of A Question of Power.
I thought the discussion of Head’s idea of “ordinary generosity” was very beautifully stated as “the ability to give treasures to others—a look of love, a warm embrace, a gesture of support, small gestures of support and loving, the kind of things that are able to knit a community of people together, or just two people” (76). I think this is a frame that I like to approach the world with and I think it does help frame how I read her novels. As Burton points out “How one frames Bessie Head, how one reads her books and stories, depends therefore on the set of assumptions that the reader carries with them and the degree to which the reader is willing to allow those assumptions to shift” (77). It makes me wonder how I might approach it differently if I had different frames of mind, maybe something like the frame of mind of the hyper-conservative party in power. How would my reading of the novel be different?
Something I love about both this chapter and Head’s novel is the connections to other authors. On page 75, Burton brings up that D.H. Lawrence was discussed at the end of the novel. Although we discussed it a bit in class last Thursday, Lawrence was one author’s story that I knew very little about. I’ve read only a few texts by Lawrence and I knew that he was considered an outcast due to Lady Chatterly’s Lover. I learned that Lawrence went on a voluntary exile and left his homeland. In a way, he can be seen as another artist of the floating world, floating beteen lands, only being accepted by himself and not by society.
I also loved that Ralph Ellison was brought up in this chapter. Although it has been a long time since I’ve read Invisible Man, I remember Ellison’s struggles to figure out how he belonged in this world. Here, it points out that Ellison felt “invisible” (like the title suggests) as well as “a commitment to the musical form of jazz and blues as an expression of black identity” (65). The idea of “jazz” reminded me that Head’s novel also references “jazz” at different moments throughout the book and it also makes me think of Toni Morrison’s Jazz which I think has a lot of connection to both of these books. The interesting thing about Jazz is that it is written in a jazzy tempo, which, in a way, makes me think of the disjointed tempo of A Question of Power. Both tempos (Morrison’s jazzy one, Head’s disjoined one between sanity and insanity) create a feel for the readers that parallels the tempos of the stories themselves.